The question can you paint a concrete floor keeps coming up because like you, most people are tired of the look of the old concrete floor. And you want a new look to lighten up your house in a unique way. Well, the answer is a big yes.
A specific paint made for concrete floors is used in painting it although any paint can do the job, but it will fade with time. It can be painted in any color of your choice, and you can decide to design it too. In a house where the carpet does not look good anymore, you can choose to rip it off and paint the floor alone.
Painting your concrete mandates more skills, time, and tools. It is nothing like painting a wall. When painting the concrete, it breathes, spreads moisture, and sucks up paints. It requires more paints and coating that would go on for days to a week. After the painting has been done, you can use a concrete floor sealer to finish it all up.
Types of Concrete Floors
There are two main types of concrete floors that are mostly used by people. It is essential to have an idea of the type of concrete floor you own. This is to enable you to know what it is compatible with.
Power Floated: This is the most widely used concrete floor. It is polished with a machine before it is cured. The surface is left with a smooth and sleek hard-wearing look. Before a paint or stain is applied to it, the surface must be sanded or chiseled.
Screeded: This standard concrete floor is applied on a poured concrete slab. They have rough unpolished texture because they went through the process of hand finishing with a wooden float. It has porosity features that a power floated floor does not possess.
How do you Prepare a Concrete Floor for Painting
Some steps are required to carry out the concrete painting process. These steps should be followed sequentially to avoid mistakes. With these steps, you can get your floor ready for your paint to have its way.
Remove the Carpet
Most times the concrete is not bare on its own, it might be covered with carpets, tiles, or vinyl. Before the painting goes on, the carpet needs to be scrapped off. When the rug is out, tack strips should be removed as well. They are those pieces of wood along the edge of your carpet that holds it in place. When that is done, remove the carpet glue using a hydrochloric acid solution which must be diluted with four parts water.
Wear a glove, mask, and protective eyewear, and make sure to work in a well-ventilated room.
Cleaning the Surface of the Concrete Floor
This step is the most crucial point because specks of dirt, holes, oil are on the floor surface, and paints will not bond well. Before painting takes place, there should be a clean, smooth floor to make the whole process blend. Use a degreasing oil to get specks of dirt out.
When the specks of dirt feel hard, use a stiff brush and a trisodium phosphate mixture to remove the traces of dirt. When the surface is dry and clean, then the holes and cracks should be repaired. It can be done with a concrete patch kit, and all the holes must be repaired before proceeding to the next stage. Paints stick well to a textured surface.
You can test if you have achieved a smooth surface by pouring water on the floor. If it soaks, then it is ready to be painted, if not then keep roughing up the body. You can also test the moisture on it by pasting a square of plastic or aluminum wrap to the floor and wait for when the condensation is not present. Fill the holes with a concrete patch if any.
Strip the Old Paint If Any
The old paint both indoor and outdoor should be stripped off using a paint scraper or wire brush. In most cases, carpets cover up the concrete, and this same tool can be used to scrape it off. You may want to sand your floor, and doing this requires more energy. You will keep sanding till it is very smooth. After sanding, you will need to sweep or vacuum it consistently till they are out.
The floor should undergo this process because it gives it a smooth finish. It helps guarantee that your paint will stick. Select a primer that is suitable for your floor and paint. Using a paintbrush, apply the primer at the edge of the room before applying it to the floor using a paint roller.
Make sure you keep a wet edge by not allowing the paint roller to dry out. It helps impede visible roller marks on the floor.
The paint should be specifically designed for a concrete floor. While painting, you should start from the proper angle of the room and work towards the door. You can choose to use an acid stain instead of paint. The procedures are the same as using paint. Follow the instructions on the paint or stain label, mix well, and apply to get the best results. You should coat the floor up to two to three times and allow each coating to dry before applying another.
Seal the Work
After painting, please read the instructions on how long it will take to dry before applying a sealant for durability. Choose one that is made for your exterior or interior floor and also compatible with your paint. The temperature written down by the manufacturer should be adopted to avoid the paint from peeling off in a short time.
Brush the sealant at the edges and the floor and allow it to dry. Then wait for a fantastic look that will last for years.
Advantages of Painting a Concrete Floor
This guide should answer the question of why I should paint my concrete. The painting of our concrete floor is not just for beautification. It also comes with a bonus on why we should consider having our concrete floor painted.
Stain Resistance: When a concrete floor is painted, it will be resistant to stains. Concrete floors originally assimilate moisture. But with the help of paint and its new porosity nature, it will become susceptible to any liquid.
Dust: With the painting and staining on the floor, dust will not penetrate through, which means there will be an increase in hygiene. The floor will be prone to renouncing dust.
Easy to Clean: Since the dirt will not be stuck on the floor, it will be easy to clean and shinier. Less energy will be needed to clean the floor. You can wash it with regular dish soap.
Protection: Concrete floors are exposed to all kinds of dirt and abrasion caused by things being pulled or poured on it. With the help of paint, it makes it more vital to resist even high heels that can cause damage to the floor.
Materials Used in Painting a Concrete Floor
Materials that are used for painting a concrete floor can either be rented or bought from any tool store. When in use, you must be careful and adopt the necessary precautions.
They include; Bucket, Mop Hand Sander, Degreasing Solution, 80-Grit Sandpaper, Tack Cloth, Vacuum or Broom, Premixed Concrete Patch Compound, Small Towel, Concrete Bonding Primer and Stain Blocker, Paint Rollers, Paint Compressor and any Concrete Paint for your floor.
What Kind of Paint do you Use on a Concrete Floor?
Concrete floors suck up paint when it is applied to it. To prevent this, special paints are designed for concrete floors. These paints stick to the floor and do not peel off. They contain binders that bond with the surface of the floor. Oil-based paint or acrylic paints are not suitable for concrete floors because it cracks and peels off with time.
Masonry Paints: These paints are made with binders and can work well on concrete floors. It is used by most people when painting.
Two-Stage Epoxy Floor Coverings: This comes with colorful totality bits you can use to add color to your painting. The quantity can cover an ample space.
Epoxy Terrazzo Options: It can be used for interior and exterior purposes. It is made with small pieces of granites to add designs to your painting.
One-Step Sealing and Priming: With this, you can prime and seal at the same time. Ensure that the concrete is thoroughly cleaned before using.
Concrete Color Stain: This comes in a variety of colors you can choose from. It is also durable.
The concrete floor paint can be done both indoors and outdoors. It can be done in the basement, garage, rooms, or balcony. Most times, after the painting is done, it turns out to be dull and uninspiring. When this happens, you can apply a stencil on it, add a border or stain it.
Concrete painting is not only done for beautification, but it is also done for the protection of the floor. The painting prevents the concrete floor from obtaining damages. The process also aids in cleaning and maintaining the floor. With all these bases, the question should be when can you paint a concrete floor?